The Battle of Midway 1942: Told from the Japanese Perspective (1/3)

27-Apr, 2019
10 029 451 Ko‘rishlar soni

(Animated Battle Map)
This is part one of a three part video series covering Operation MI. As you can see I spent a considerable amount of time covering Nagumo’s Dilemma. To me it's one of most striking examples of how tough it can be for a commander to make a decision based on the information at hand. I found that to be the most interesting aspect of the battle.
I don’t have a Patreon but if you want to show appreciation for my work feel free to donate.
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"Strength" , "Auxiliary", and "unknown" are misspelled in the video.
At 22:55 I should have stated “North of Midway” instead of Northeast of Midway. The illustration shows a 10 degree 240 nm from midway location. Not so Northeast as I audibly stated.
At 23:43 I should have stated 79 aircraft instead of 78 and I should have displayed 35 instead of 34 torpedo bombers. the “mistake” came about because sources still differ on whether there were 27 or 26 Carrier attack planes (Kates). If it was 27 it would have been 79 Planes. if it was 26 it would have been 78. During the recording I somehow mixed up the numbers.
Additional Notes:
notice that the carriers started off the battle in a box formation. This provided further mutual support for their rather weak AA fire. however, due to the incessant air attacks from VT-8, VT-6 and VT-3, the carriers were never able to reform in a box formation, instead they were in a ragged line which further worsened their AA capabilities.
-----------------------------------------Spoiler Below regarding Nagumo's Dilemma---------------------------------------------
So what was the answer to Nagumo’s Dilemma?
“Taking all together, and admittedly operating with the benefit of hindsight, the “right” answer to Nagumo’s conundrum probably should have emphasized maneuver, offensive speed in preference to mass, and passive damage control. With fifteen minutes in which to act, he didn’t really have time to implement anything terribly fancy. But he could have helped himself immensely by immediately spotting every strike airplane in his hangars, whether they were armed or not, and launching them at the Americans. The sixty-four armed aircraft he had in had were perfectly capable of doing enormous damage to his enemy. And by emptying his hangars, he removed the single greatest danger to his carriers --- the presence of fueled and armed aircraft within them.”
Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007 : p. 170
Music :
Ride of the Valkyries - Wagner
Isom, D. W. (2007). Midway inquest: Why the Japanese lost the Battle of Midway. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Lundstrom, J. B. (2013). The First Team Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway. New York: Naval Institute Press.
Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007.
Stille, M. (2010). Midway 1942: Turning-point in the Pacific(Vol. 226, Campaign). Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
Toll, I. W. (2012). Pacific crucible: War at sea in the Pacific, 1941-1942. New York: W.W. Norton.
Willmott, H. P. (2008). The barrier and the javelin: Japanese and Allied Pacific strategies, February to June 1942. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.
And of course:

  • The tasty printer early load because satin acutely announce opposite a dark conga. obnoxious, forgetful swim

    Tate OhTate Oh8 soat oldin
  • A hybrid strategy. Disperse the fleet, steaming away in different directions. Launch zeros to form a fighter screen in the direction of the sighting. Recover Tomanaga. Then send the whole fighter force to destroy the enemy fleet. The islands would be no threat. Once all the American ships have been sorted out, head back to Midway and crater the runway for good measure.

    David GriffithsDavid Griffiths9 soat oldin
  • Best narrative of The Battle of Midway I've ever seen. And, the Flight of The Valkyries music at the final attack made it so exciting. Tears! Bravo! Great job!!! My father wasn't at this battle, but he served on CV-6 USS Enterprise.

    Anonymous AnonymousAnonymous Anonymous13 soat oldin
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    Mubasshir HossainMubasshir Hossain15 soat oldin
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    Mubasshir HossainMubasshir Hossain15 soat oldin
  • 31:02 what's the Background music? I really need it.

    atom_1236atom_123618 soat oldin
  • The judicious team beverly whistle because coal minimally correct anenst a exultant tortoise. animated, spotless tune

    Ebenezer SamEbenezer SamKun oldin
  • This is friggin awesome !!

    Daniel BunyanDaniel BunyanKun oldin
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    James KongJames KongKun oldin
  • Believing that the USA at that time was going to "surrender" was the most foolish calculus ever arrived upon in the history of warfare.

    chuckschillingchuckschillingKun oldin
    • 100%

      AsT3rIcKkAsT3rIcKk11 soat oldin
  • j

    ManfredManfredKun oldin
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    Bob KimBob KimKun oldin
  • i watched the movie midway (:

    Mr PigeonMr PigeonKun oldin
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    Marcos PachecoMarcos PachecoKun oldin
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    Ivan EspinozaIvan Espinoza2 kun oldin
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    Bob ButlerBob Butler2 kun oldin
  • Tone 4 was bullshitin' all the way lmao. He's probably mad they got him flying a sea plane instead of a fighter

    CC2 kun oldin
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    dan yaldan yal2 kun oldin
  • That was the best documentary saga thought he got away Scott free NOT

    percy terrypercy terry2 kun oldin
  • 27:29 can't comment because I know too much about this battle. But the choice doesn't matter because Midway was a huge trap as the americans codebreakers know the plans and all counter-plans and the japanese wouldn't survive either way.

    Crystal MirCrystal Mir2 kun oldin
    • Claiming you know too much is honestly such a stupid notion. Also, Rochefort's codebreakers only knew the dates and direction of attack of Nagumo's task force not their exact real time location. And counter-plans? Are you trying to sound intelligent by making shit up now?

      CC2 kun oldin
  • I thought those were 2 pizzas in the thumbnail 😂

    BonzoBonzo2 kun oldin
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    Bob KimBob Kim2 kun oldin
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    oscar salazaroscar salazar3 kun oldin
  • Excellent Job. I was just checking it out, and I was sucked in!

    B. Kent WallaceB. Kent Wallace3 kun oldin
  • Wow, I was like watching a movie and made me love history

    Alexa Louise B. AgujoAlexa Louise B. Agujo3 kun oldin
  • WOW! As a layman who has studied this battle for a lifetime as I read Walter Lord’s Incredible Victory and I have always faulted Nagumo! WELL DONE!! It was an INCREDIBLE VICTORY and a God Thing that we won! Great VIDEO!!

    Kent HigginbothamKent Higginbotham3 kun oldin
  • Kido Butai na na na na naaaaa na na nanana

    pyrotechnickpyrotechnick3 kun oldin
  • Really excellent. I have never understood this operation.

    Margot MetrolandMargot Metroland3 kun oldin
  • Hey Montemayor, What are the names of the musical tracks in this vid barring the obvious Ride of the Valkyries? What is your next project now this series is concluded?

    Shmuel JohnsonShmuel Johnson3 kun oldin
  • Very professional and accurate. Kudos to you!

    Wild WestWild West3 kun oldin
  • i would have collected aswell

    I'm SnowmanI'm Snowman3 kun oldin
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    kristina Francokristina Franco3 kun oldin
  • Id rather re watch this than Midway 2019

    SAM7KSAM7K3 kun oldin
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    Ivan EspinozaIvan Espinoza3 kun oldin
  • Japanese history book doesn’t talk about WW2 at all.

    Lt. MavLt. Mav3 kun oldin
  • peeeepo

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    Doan Kieu HoaDoan Kieu Hoa4 kun oldin
  • The ultimate battle would be won with high quality manufactured goods that we now get to buy! Thank you Japan!

    • being one of our greatest friends and ally now is also of great benefit

      charles desurnecharles desurne2 kun oldin
  • Dude... this was freaking amazing.

    Chad JChad J4 kun oldin
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    StephenStephen4 kun oldin
  • Anyone else running scenes from the movie Midway? Classic.

    Mike CarneyMike Carney4 kun oldin
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    Phan Yen TrinhPhan Yen Trinh4 kun oldin
  • If i'm right, a Scottish guy, some arms dealer called Glover, was partly responsible for the modernisation of Japan ?

    ClydeJarrod37UKClydeJarrod37UK4 kun oldin
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    really reassoreally reasso4 kun oldin
  • Great video, two thumbs up but i can't stop thinking about the life of young men who died in this operation and for that matter any war out there.

    Doctor Strange LoveDoctor Strange Love4 kun oldin
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    Donette ShonnaDonette Shonna4 kun oldin
  • "he only had 64 planes ready to attack" minecraft gamers and minecraft memers: you mean a stack?

    Gabriel Liong the Dust News GuyGabriel Liong the Dust News Guy5 kun oldin
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    Anthony PhungAnthony Phung5 kun oldin
  • You describe this as being "told from the Japanese perspective," but then you repeatedly present information which is only known to an omniscient observer, that is, information which was obtained from the historical record. Click bait. Click bait. Click bait. Bait switch. Bait switch. Bait switch. I'm gone. I'm gone. I'm gone.

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    John SmithJohn Smith5 kun oldin
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    Marciexzg5 Kochlst5Marciexzg5 Kochlst55 kun oldin
  • So imagine you're one of six out of an original sixteen pilots to make it back to the carrier. Refuel, rearm and off you go again. Jeezuz.

    Dyn y JawaDyn y Jawa5 kun oldin
  • These woke ass kids today have no ducking idea what comes next. I yearn for it

    Katie HigginsKatie Higgins5 kun oldin
  • Well done.

    feldweiblefeldweible5 kun oldin
  • Couldn't they at least launched a couple of search planes during the 15 minutes to conform?

    Smack AttackSmack Attack5 kun oldin
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    Stian KlingenbergStian Klingenberg6 kun oldin
  • this was absolutely brilliant.

    Dave MorganDave Morgan6 kun oldin
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    Hqpm8 Nwu47Hqpm8 Nwu476 kun oldin
  • 12:45 I felt so bad for the poor dude, didn’t get anything for his heroic attempt. Cheers to you

    Luciano ArebaloLuciano Arebalo6 kun oldin
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    Luis EnriquezLuis Enriquez6 kun oldin
  • Icredible great job. Thank you !

    Ioan SabăuIoan Sabău6 kun oldin
  • good animation #bnb #btc #btt #pancakeswap

    Tom CopmanTom Copman6 kun oldin
  • What does 'spot aircraft' mean in this context (24:30)? Does it mean to send out reconnaissance planes?

    Jones FJones F6 kun oldin
    • Spotting means to bring aircraft up from the hanger, get them into launching positions and warm up the engines.

      Noshur ViverseNoshur Viverse6 kun oldin
  • This is still one of the best tellings of the Battle of Midway I have ever seen!

    Justin ArchibaldJustin Archibald6 kun oldin
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    Connor BirchConnor Birch6 kun oldin

    Aydın AkınAydın Akın6 kun oldin
  • From the Japanese point of view they were trying to deal a major blow to dishearten the U.S. However, the U.S. was never going to get disheartened as they were working on the atom bomb at full speed.

    bh2020 :bh2020 :6 kun oldin
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    卫随德卫随德7 kun oldin
  • Spectacular. I have read multiple books about Midway and while this animation did not show anything I didn't know, it is presented so beautifully. Anybody who wants to know Midway could start with this video THEN go to the books.

    Daniel LynchDaniel Lynch7 kun oldin
  • Outstandingly well researched, well presented piece of work. If the history channels had anyone half as well informed - and as capable in conveying information, they would be transformed. I congratulate you.

    Paul HicksPaul Hicks7 kun oldin
  • LOL BIGgEST OPPONENT>?! educate yourself merican.. qauntun army was destroyed BY USSR.... USA just did NUCLEAR BOBMBING OF NON MILITARY OBJECTS....Hiroshima and Nagasaki... yes make that video that you will be looking at least sort of warriors...ITS BIGGEST shame moment for your country..and whole humanity history..... hypocrites, thugs, amoral . take care exceptionals lol....

    Alexander NovikovAlexander Novikov7 kun oldin
  • Midway was the most important, but it was not the biggest naval fight of WWII.

    David MooreDavid Moore7 kun oldin
  • Americans be like " let's show them the sun lmao "

    fuck k-pop and tiktokfuck k-pop and tiktok7 kun oldin
    • Unfunny

      Nuclear NewspaperNuclear Newspaper6 kun oldin
    • twice

      Frankthetank123098Frankthetank1230986 kun oldin
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    spymaine89spymaine897 kun oldin
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    Robert DuatinRobert Duatin7 kun oldin
  • They tried to reveal the intention for posterity. Sadly, it was a ninja attack. Highly dishonored themselves. That said. I think the JDF should be activated as the JAF the anti-terror branch of American military. Let the ninja out and the samurai serve the will of his honored oath. They'd eat the shit up, fundamentalists be damned! Activate Japanese warrior ethos. The cultures we build together will mesh seamlessly.

    Jay DeeJay Dee8 kun oldin
  • This kind of format for a video, making us the commanding officer, and giving reasoning for the decisions is amazing

    Cheezburger15Cheezburger158 kun oldin
  • Well... This is something for the Navy War college for Flag Staff Officers to study... like I’m sure they do anyway ... Very nice indeed sir 👍🥳✌️

    ErhardtErhardt8 kun oldin
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    meryem essafimeryem essafi8 kun oldin
  • Nagumo: Were gonna invade midway! USA: So you have chosen death

    Phantom Forces GamingPhantom Forces Gaming8 kun oldin
    • Actually, Nagumo was more in favor of a transition to a defensive strategy. However, despite being the officer commanding the Kido Butai he had rather little political power, so his opposition meant little.

      Noshur ViverseNoshur Viverse7 kun oldin
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    Dean DreisbachDean Dreisbach8 kun oldin
  • This is a brilliant exposition of the fog of war.

    James PriceJames Price8 kun oldin
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  • Clearest explanation of the Thach Weave I've come across. Thanks!

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  • lucky ?

    MarkoDeLaVootaMarkoDeLaVoota9 kun oldin
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    Rhats KicksRhats Kicks9 kun oldin
  • The Japanese attack on Pearl was pure luck that they weren’t disastrously wiped out. Incredible Japanese luck that US fleet and air were on stand down for that 1 day out of 4 straight weeks of defensive high alert and drills. Not true that the Japanese fielded the best pilots. The Zhuikaku’s and Shokaku’s air wings were recently formed and lacked all but rudimentary training. They were new (about 3-400 hours) untested, and not trained in combat maneuvers, bombing, or hard core dogfighting - they were only entrusted with strafing the airfields. US Pilots on the other hand typically had 700 flight hours and extensive training in combat On the other hand, Midway was pure American luck. The odds of the Tone’s rece plane being late with mech problems and it being on a flight path to discover the US forces was really tiny odds. Further, the odds of a garbled spotting report by that plane when it finally flew over the US fleet added to US luck in a priceless way.

    Dave PetersenDave Petersen9 kun oldin
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    Jeremiah LimJeremiah Lim10 kun oldin