How Astronauts Land on the Moon - Smarter Every Day 250

30-Yan, 2021
1 303 034 Ko‘rishlar soni

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GET SMARTER SECTION
A very special thank you to Wayne Ottinger
www.aletro.org/
Check out the AMAZING website by Ben Feist that synchronizes all Apollo data:
www.apolloinrealtime.org/
I had to find a lot of archival footage to make this video. Thanks to Devin for helping me find the original Apollo LLTV footage from Ellington.
A special thank you to twitter.com/steveslater1987 for providing the footage and audio of the Neil Armstrong Interview after flying the LLTV.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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www.ashellinthepit.com/
ashellinthepit.bandcamp.com/
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Warm Regards,
Destin

Fikrlar
  • We're going back to the moon, and we're going to need to train Astronauts how to land. This video is the result of trying to understand that control problem better. in the next video of this series, I'll show you footage from an actual NASA Lunar Lander software test I participated in many years ago. Also, I'd like to say express grateful I am to everyone who supports Smarter Every Day on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday . If you've never considered being a Patreon of Smarter Every Day, then feel free to click the link if you'd like to see what it's all about. If not, then no big deal! I'm grateful that you're here. Warm Regards, Destin

    SmarterEveryDaySmarterEveryDayOy oldin
    • Pshhhhh old news. I could land on the moon.

      Gavin AndStuffGavin AndStuff5 kun oldin
    • Yyhqara6 you

      adam philpadam philp6 kun oldin
    • @MaGaO true, but the software to land reliably is fairly new and getting better all the time. Most of the failed Mars landings happened without the benefit of the sensors and algorithms available now. It's still best to train the pilots of course.

      AlmaadinAlmaadin8 kun oldin
    • @Almaadin Many Mars probes have crashed. If humans are aboard, it makes sense to train them just in case.

      MaGaOMaGaO9 kun oldin
    • @Almaadin that was done on earth..so gullible lol. Mars supposedly is 1% density of earth atmosphere. which means no air. an you need air to slow parachute and need air for lift when they eventually fly helicopter drone. so the impossible without air debunks your Mars landing 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂🤣🤣🤣🤣😭😭😭😭😂🤣🤣🤣🤣😂😭😭

      hernan jimenezhernan jimenez9 kun oldin
  • This was fascinating.

    Test TestTest Test12 soat oldin
  • Thanks for the great video! I work on HLS and our CE recommended this LOL

    Alexandra ToftulAlexandra Toftul12 soat oldin
  • 3:20 nice tracking Destin!

    HERGRYNHERGRYN22 soat oldin
  • But if NASA can program a robot to drop another robot on Mars all on its own. Why do astronauts need to land on the moon on their own? Is it not safer to use the programming? No atmosphere seems like it would create a very consistent and reliable medium to program for, then you don't need to add the possibility of human error in landing.

    Joe O'ConnorJoe O'ConnorKun oldin
  • If i recall correctly wasn't the Harrier also flying the late 60's?

    TheSharko123TheSharko123Kun oldin
  • 1:58 Whaaaaa?

    Ean EEan EKun oldin
  • I wish the U.S still strived to be #1 and invest money into space rather then using our tax dollars to give other countries welfare all the time. It's a shame to think about how far ahead we would be if we were isolationist and reinvested our own money into our own economy.

    Sunken SlinkySunken SlinkyKun oldin
  • You should have worn an omega speedmaster motm

    Jamane Ma Raas HollingtonJamane Ma Raas HollingtonKun oldin
    • Great video

      Jamane Ma Raas HollingtonJamane Ma Raas HollingtonKun oldin
  • Silly. That can’t land on the moon. Flat Earth Baby

    Jeremiah JohnstonJeremiah JohnstonKun oldin
  • Neil Armstrong... Boiler Up!!

    Lukas SmithLukas SmithKun oldin
  • Imagine if they had Kerbal Space Program back then.

    Notable DiscomfortNotable DiscomfortKun oldin
  • 1:45

    DizziDizzi2 kun oldin
  • Incredible stuff. A truly great group of minds. You will never be thanked enough, Mr. Armstrong. Rest peacefully among the stars.

    Michael BMichael B2 kun oldin
  • You should continue your playlist on lawn tools do an episode on rotary hedge trimmers

    Josh LounsberryJosh Lounsberry2 kun oldin
  • Every day...

    gamblergambler2 kun oldin
  • Please get Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin together.

    Ankur DebbarmaAnkur Debbarma2 kun oldin
  • Destin got hold of a LEGEND.

    Ankur DebbarmaAnkur Debbarma2 kun oldin
  • I tried to watch this with a straight face, but I simply cannot!

    Matthew SikoraMatthew Sikora2 kun oldin
  • wtheck UZworld. why you hide Dustin update from my subs page? Luckily I search smarterEveryDay out of curiosity.

    flameceoflameceo2 kun oldin
  • Goes to show you how much we take all of the technical tools for granted. I imagine engineers will pre-program all of the error correction techniques in a computer for the re-return, but the Apollo crew never had that. They had to do everything with mechanics and training. I think it will be much less of a technical challenge on each individual person, but still a staggering engineering feat overall.

    Some CanineSome Canine2 kun oldin
  • Thank you, what a very interesting and informative video

    Gratten JenkinsGratten Jenkins3 kun oldin
  • how much would be saved in fuel weight if the rocket first stage was accelerated on a maglev ramp before first stage engine ignition? seems like maglev trains are similar sizable payload can be accelerated to high speeds using electricity and starting a rocket to escape velocity from maglev speeds would have a huge impact compared to starting from a standstill

    sterlingwulf RBLXsterlingwulf RBLX3 kun oldin
  • Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

    Drunk AstronautDrunk Astronaut3 kun oldin
  • Someone get Mr Ottinger's half burnt snake cartoon made.

    LoungeActVideosLoungeActVideos3 kun oldin
  • I absolutely love this video!! My Grandfather was a Quality Control Engineer with NASA and worked on every APOLLO mission!! My Grandfather oversaw the manufacture and installation of the battery systems of the lunar lander! A secret my Grandfather told me before he passed afew years back was. Before they affixed the housing of the batteries, my Grandfather and his crew had a bronze plaque made with their names inscibed on it. They attached it to the top of the housing that covered the batteries!!!! This could have caused a mass firing event if they were caught!!! So now my Grandfather's name is on the moon! This I am very proud of! Just thought you might like to hear the story.

    Brian HuntingtonBrian Huntington4 kun oldin
  • to land on the moon you have to buy AMC and GME

    Shawn HunterShawn Hunter4 kun oldin
  • RIP Neil Armstrong. Yes it's been 9 years, but he was all of us.

    nxlxnnxlxn4 kun oldin
  • 1:45

    R ЯR Я4 kun oldin
  • "this video WERE SENDING LINCON TO THE MOON"

    Saran O.pSaran O.p4 kun oldin
  • So they essentially made a CNC machine that controls the craft?

    Sudeep RSudeep R4 kun oldin
  • NASA : Does all of this Some incel on the internet : "MoOn LaNdInG wAs FaKe!"

    Darth InsidiousDarth Insidious4 kun oldin
  • I’m looking forward to seeing more videos on returning to the moon. Especially to see what the engineers come up with for a test vehicle to fly here on earth.

    Michael CondonMichael Condon4 kun oldin
  • Nasa openly admits that humans cannot safely travel through the Van Allen Belts.... Yet this problem was solved in 1969-1972. What gives?

    John Doe p144.1John Doe p144.15 kun oldin
    • @John Doe p144.1 The most important bits, like video and audio, sure. Telemetry, not so much, unless of course you're dealing with a severe malfunction, like in Apollo 13. In that case, keeping the telemetry tapes makes sense, and they did.

      AtlasAtlas4 kun oldin
    • @Atlas I hear what your saying but at the same time the moon landing was THE most significant scientific achievement in human history... Wouldn't you think that is something that would be held onto and cherished for generations?

      John Doe p144.1John Doe p144.14 kun oldin
    • @John Doe p144.1 It's a shame they lost the original tapes. But I supposed it made sense for them to be erased, since the video signal had been archived elsewhere and keeping telemetry around isn't standard.

      AtlasAtlas4 kun oldin
    • @Atlas OK, fair enough. What about the fact that Nasa "lost" over 13,000 reels of telemetry data. Also contributing to the official explanation as to why we haven't been back to the moon.

      John Doe p144.1John Doe p144.14 kun oldin
    • @John Doe p144.1 Not really. The rocket used in the Apollo program is no longer manufactured. The last Saturn V was made nearly half a century ago. Can't send people beyond LEO without a a massive rocket.

      AtlasAtlas4 kun oldin
  • The Plan is good! Hopefully it will happen soon! I would like to see human beings will be traveling to the Moon for their vacations and back to the earth! And then Human being will develop the advantage technologies to travel to other planets to live, working, vacation, ...... and back to the Mother Earth!

    chau dochau do5 kun oldin
  • I don't know about you.... but these prototype propulsion techniques, if they were ever snatched by the military and repurposed for military vehicles,.... and IF one, or some, if any, of those prototypes were seen by the public.... there's a really good chance they'd look like flying saucers, to the layman. think about it... 1964 era, middle of the space race, lots of UFO sightings, and now we know that NASA had a *FREAKING VTOL PROTOTYPE* ?!?!?!??!

    NighthawkNighthawk5 kun oldin
  • The immense drawbridge laparoscopically kill because submarine coincidentally jail above a tame parent. big, moldy slice

    Chris GonzalezChris Gonzalez5 kun oldin
  • Am I missing something here? Why wouldn't they try to evenly fill the system with helium compartments or vacuum? Would that be beyond the limit of how much that volume could lift compared to the weight of the lunar lander?

    Zoltán KozmaZoltán Kozma5 kun oldin
  • Wayne is a national treasure. I love AMERICA!!!!!!!

    Travis JamesTravis James5 kun oldin
  • Among us??!!!

    DarpDarp5 kun oldin
  • My pal Jonathan Dimock works for NASA. He’s the man who speaks to the president re NASA biz. My pal Johnathan had zeroooo experience to have got this job....

    FILM N SHOOT COFILM N SHOOT CO5 kun oldin
  • The X-14 is basically a copy of the British Hawker Siddeley P.1127. Which later became the Harrier Jump jet.

    The Revolution Will Not Be TelevisedThe Revolution Will Not Be Televised5 kun oldin
  • 1:44 sus

    Dwagin ConDwagin Con5 kun oldin
  • The lumpy gender phenomenologically request because plastic univariately grin through a acoustic grain. wiry, clammy magazine

    Vincent PangVincent Pang5 kun oldin
  • How did they know the lunar gravitational force before going to the moon?

    Who FartedWho Farted5 kun oldin
  • Эти "проэкты"-возможность воровать общие деньги,играть во взрослые игрушки и не быть наказанным,а быть "уважаемыми космическими ворами" Я предпологаю.что верхушка США и СССР были в сговоре и много лет смеялись над доверчивыми гражданами...

    Ася ГумероваАся Гумерова6 kun oldin
  • We all see drones, and the amazing technology they use to fly straight, steady, and in some cases, autonomously. I'm sure there is a tie-in here.

    Chas WolfChas Wolf6 kun oldin
  • Didnt the Harrier fly in 1967?

    Brandon RoutierBrandon Routier6 kun oldin
  • What actually happens on the moon landing(s) low-key confirmed by his guest Ben Feist is that the Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) does all of the flying until final approach where Armstrong and other astronauts use the rate-of-decent mode (P66), a mode not unlike drones for the home market where the stabilization is handled by the AGC and Neil uses the fly by wire stick to control horizontal velocity, avoid a boulder field and then bring bring the horizontal velocity to zero; another two switches can speed up or slow down the computers rate of descent in increments of one foot per second. I know the LLTV also had a computer. How similar was it's stabilization and controls to the actual LEM and the AGC's P66?

    djmipsdjmips6 kun oldin
  • Man, the engineer of the LLTV, what a treasure!

    el blanco _el blanco _6 kun oldin
  • 1:45 1:58

    Dylan Wager MusicDylan Wager Music6 kun oldin
  • i dont want to be apart of this planet anymore

    Adam ArmstrongAdam Armstrong6 kun oldin
  • 4:06 the the angle dynamically shook with his hands, now that's detail.

    TheEmeraldSwordTheEmeraldSword6 kun oldin
  • This was an amazing video. Thank you. Understanding the why truly is as pertinent as the how. If you understand the why, then engineers can use updated techniques if possible instead of just repeating work arounds.

    Kerrie ArkwellKerrie Arkwell6 kun oldin
  • The communists now in charge want nothing to do with moon landings anyway, so...

    Dan BertucciDan Bertucci6 kun oldin
  • I don't even drink and I want the lunar shot glass

    SlayerofFictionSlayerofFiction6 kun oldin
  • I really do not see the point. The next one will be landed by ai.

    Gert KrugerGert Kruger6 kun oldin
  • amogus

    KatzRoolKatzRool6 kun oldin
  • 4:30 "and if there were no drag.." If there were no drag then there would be no thrust/movement. Just like if there were no weight/gravity there would be no lift.

    DrCash7DrCash76 kun oldin
  • Fek

    DrCash7DrCash76 kun oldin
  • Would be quite impossible to control Starship HLS by hand. Will be autonomous.

    EphraimEphraim6 kun oldin
  • NASA scientists shoulda just played Kerbal Space Program. I was landing on the Mun as a teenager.

    DhoulmegusDhoulmegus6 kun oldin
  • Well done video, learned a lot, (like there are still people that think we didn’t go to the moon, and the earth is flat. I’m sure there are still those that think Hitler didn’t murder millions of people in death camps...) My question is, why go back to the moon? What’s there that we can benefit people? It will cost billions of dollars, tax dollars, just to say we can it? It’s a moon with ... not much on it. The distances to leave our solar system to anyway else are just too far away. Sorry, this isn’t Star Trek, or some other fantasy TV show... .

    strshooterstrshooter7 kun oldin
  • Nah uh, they didn't "make sure velocity is zero when touching the surface". They had probes sticking out of lander which, when the probes touched the surface, automatically shut the engine down (while still some meters above the ground), so the lander gently dropped to the ground.

    maksphoto78maksphoto787 kun oldin
  • 1:58 among us 🤑🤑🤙👌👍

    Doritos XDDoritos XD7 kun oldin
  • Your questions and the way his eyes lit up. Surprised and also happy to see someone younger understanding his knowledge. Awesome

    Kevin PalmerKevin Palmer7 kun oldin
  • Mr. Ottinger is SO COOL. Man, you just know he has countless other amazing stories.

    Spo8Spo87 kun oldin
  • The wild patricia univariably influence because belief exemplarily sigh unlike a flashy comic. aromatic, lethal lyocell

    kkcsak ndclonkkcsak ndclon7 kun oldin
  • Please do a video on the X-14

    OmadaisOmadais7 kun oldin
  • Back to the moon? 😅

    The Bloody TruthThe Bloody Truth7 kun oldin
  • Comment for algorithm.

    Ciorram1Ciorram17 kun oldin
  • I confess, Mr. Ottinger make me laugh a few times. What a great man

    Leandro GogolaLeandro Gogola7 kun oldin
  • 1:45 when the impostor is sus

    Dadly25Dadly257 kun oldin
    • I knew there'd be at least one lol

      Ron BurghandyRon Burghandy4 kun oldin
  • Destin, I have a friend who has an LLTV sitting in his shed at work. I was fortunate enough to get a tour of his "work" and I can honestly say as much fun as it looks... yeah, no... His work is the same AFRC mentioned in your video. I was most impressed by the Peroxide thrusters mounted on every corner and axis of the unit. A tour of the Armstrong facility was the most incredible thing I have had the opportunity to experience. if you are ever there ask about the LLTV and perhaps they can take you to the closet for a look see. God Bless you man, I love your take on science.

    DavyBoySmithDavyBoySmith7 kun oldin
  • We aren’t going back to the moon, not with lunchbox Joe in power.

    Egon PaxEgon Pax7 kun oldin
    • obama and biden almost destroyed the Space industry! I live in Brevard county. TRUMP brought back space flights and the area is growing immensely!! Everyone is scared biden is going to do somthing stupid, again!

      Brian HuntingtonBrian Huntington3 kun oldin
    • Very true

      Brian HuntingtonBrian Huntington3 kun oldin
  • Everybody know Apollo is a big lie

    gordonfree mangordonfree man7 kun oldin
    • Wrong

      AtlasAtlas7 kun oldin
  • AMONG US!!! HE SAID IT

    Binky CarolinaBinky Carolina7 kun oldin
  • @ 5:45 ---> food for thought, the Harrier Jump Jet was first tested in 1967 and introduced into service in '69... 😉

    John BravoJohn Bravo7 kun oldin
  • Why not installing a helium baloon, that lifts 5/6 of the lander's weight?

    Florian WalterFlorian Walter7 kun oldin
  • at this point this man knows too much to be safe 🙏😂

    Super SongSuper Song7 kun oldin
  • Where is the loud roar of the rocket when you hear them calmly talking as lunar is landing?

    Ryan RichRyan Rich7 kun oldin
    • @Atlas nms was tight

      Ryan RichRyan Rich7 kun oldin
    • It's a pressure fed engine firing in a vacuum, come on.

      AtlasAtlas7 kun oldin
  • I would assume the lander's computer will perform the descent and landing in Artemis program.

    HirvieläinHirvieläin7 kun oldin
  • Why do we need manual landing when we sent multiple rovers to mars and it has ability to auto land with high precision

    Suphakrit PhantharatSuphakrit Phantharat8 kun oldin
  • 15:55 oh my ghaad

    Bogdan BogdanBogdan Bogdan8 kun oldin
  • 1:45 kinda sus....

    Bread SpreaderBread Spreader8 kun oldin
  • They actually planned on hitting the moon harder, the crunch pistons on the legs didn't get crunched all the way, that's why their steps are more awkward than usual, edit, because the ladder was hooked on the leg

    PatarPatar8 kun oldin
  • Hahaha cant wait til you debunk it by looking into it :)

    Rooster OriginalRooster Original8 kun oldin
    • @DrCash7 there really isn't

      AtlasAtlas6 kun oldin
    • @Atlas nOtHinG to DeBuNK heRe FolKS

      DrCash7DrCash76 kun oldin
    • There's nothing to debunk.

      AtlasAtlas7 kun oldin
  • How? miniatures and a sound stage...

    britshellbritshell8 kun oldin
  • That was fascinating! Very few people are qualified to call Neil Armstrong an idiot! lol

    mikencomikenco8 kun oldin
  • I think what you're saying, that we need to learn about *why* decisions were made, is really the root of the "teach a man to fish" adage, and it's such a huge issue with the way I see things being taught. Don't give people the answer, give people the tools to find the answer.

    The InternetThe Internet8 kun oldin
  • Folks at NASA are probably taking notes rn.

    Phineas GPhineas G8 kun oldin
  • Why does the velocity have to be zero upon landing? Why not near zero?

    Black PantherBlack Panther8 kun oldin
  • never went to the moon brah. hash tag moon landing hoax

    Laura WhiteLaura White8 kun oldin
    • @Laura White I have better things to do than watch conspiracy videos. That said, I never came across a good hoaxer argument.

      AtlasAtlas8 kun oldin
    • Atlas gee what a convincing retort Atlas. See “American Moon” on YT and then try to tell me it’s not possible that something’s up with the official narrative.

      Laura WhiteLaura White8 kun oldin
    • wrong

      AtlasAtlas8 kun oldin
  • You are truly a treasure! I so appreciate all of your videos, they are some of the most wholesome and informative media out there.

    David MadsenDavid Madsen8 kun oldin
  • 1:58

    Ian ThorntonIan Thornton8 kun oldin
  • 1:58 amongus

    AsophosAsophos8 kun oldin
    • 😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳

      Some OnesSome Ones7 kun oldin
  • 1:44 I can't take this anymore make the pain stop

    WyrylkaWyrylka8 kun oldin
    • Kinda sus

      BearsBears7 kun oldin
  • 1:45

    Aidan GavinAidan Gavin8 kun oldin
  • Thanks for the tutorial, just got invited to a Martian party. Heading out tomorrow night.

    Konnies EggKonnies Egg8 kun oldin
  • Another great video. It would be interesting to know more about the rocket motor that was on the lander and got it back to the orbiter. I had read something where the NASA engineers made it as simple as possible; without any electrical connections to reduce points of failure. It was basically just a mixing of two (2) chemicals by means of the turning of two (2) mechanical valves. Thanks in advance.

    goutvols103goutvols1039 kun oldin
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